A public health framework recognizes the physical and mental impacts of firearm violence while also focusing attention on the underlying causes. In an article co-authored by PISC Senior Scholar Elinore Kaufman, MD, and Executive Committee Member Therese Richmond, PhD, the public health approach to preventing and treating firearm violence is reviewed. Kaufman and Richmond highlight the impacts of firearm injuries on individuals as well as the impact on families and communities. They also examine a public health approach to firearm violence, including firearm injury as an epidemic and intersections among individuals, firearms, and environments. It is stated that the solution to this complex problem will come from clinicians, policy makers, and members of affected communities.