Naloxone in Schools

Funded by the Penn Injury Science Center

The crisis of opioid overdoses in the United States (US) has reached epidemic proportions. Efforts to combat opioid overdose deaths include improved prescribing practices, prevention of abuse, treatment of addiction, and harm-reduction measures such as Naloxone that reverse the effects of opioid overdose. Naloxone has been shown to be safe, easy to administer, and when paired with a training program, effective in reducing opioid overdoses in the community.

On a daily basis, school nurses are equipped for medical emergencies with life-saving interventions, including preparedness with automated external defibrillators (AEDs) and Epipens®. Given the rising death rates in the US due to opioid overdose, maintaining a supply of Naloxone in schools presents another opportunity in harm-reduction.Schools serve more than just a student population; teachers, staff, parents and other family members that are in schools on a daily basis who may be at risk for an opioid overdose.

This research study seeks to describe school-nurse reported factors associated with Naloxone prevalence in Pennsylvania schools. By identifying school nurse reported facilitators and barriers to naloxone presence in Pennsylvania schools, we seek to identify facilitators and barriers and programmatic efforts to increase uptake of effective harm-reduction practices.

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