Urban black males are at a disproportionately high risk of poor health outcomes. This is what prompted Aimee Palumbo, MD, PhD, Douglas Wiebe, PhD, Nancy Kassam-Adams, PhD, and Therese Richmond, PhD, to measure neighborhood environments and their influence on mental and physical health. Palumbo et al. explored associations between physical and mental health of injured, urban black men with objectively measured and perceived neighborhood characteristics.
It was found that physical health was associated with neighborhood poverty and disconnectedness. Mental health was associated with neighborhood economics and individual perceptions of social disorder and safety. Both area-level and individual-level measures were associated with health, however specific mechanisms may differ.