PISC Senior Scholar Rebecca Waller, PhD, et al. conducted a meta-analytic review integrating the findings of studies that have reported associations between callous-unemotional (CU) traits and empathy, guilt, or prosociality, or potential moderators of these associations.
Waller et al. conducted three separate meta-analysis exploring the association of CU traits to empathy, guilt, and prosociality. Analysis revealed statistically significant and moderate-to-large negative associations between measures of CU traits and empathy, guilt, and prosociality. This work establishes that CU traits are moderately-to-strongly correlated with the presence of callous (low empathy), uncaring (low prosociality), and remorseless (low guilt) behaviors.