Association of Gun Violence With Emergency Department Visits for Stress-Responsive Complaints

A new study led by PISC Senior Scholar Eugenia South, Kaytlena Stillman, David Buckler, and PISC Executive Director Douglas Wiebe aims to evaluate the relationship between objectively measured gun violence exposure and short-term health effect at a microspatial scale. In particular, the study investigated the association between living near a neighborhood shooting and emergency department (ED) utilization for stress-responsive complaints using a location-based before-and-after neighborhood design.

Although the study did not find any consistent dose-response pattern in time or space regarding neighborhood shootings and stress-responsive presentations to the ED, it found that further investigation is still needed to understand the short-term health consequences of violence exposure, and whether those vary based on a neighborhood resident's circumstances.

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