Association of Sex With Adolescent Soccer Concussion Incidence and Characteristics

Authored by PISC postdoctoral fellow Abigail Bretzin, PhD, Executive Director Douglas Wiebe, PhD, and other researchers, this study aimed to characterize whether sex-associated differences existed in sport-related concussion (SRC) risk, mechanism, management, and recovery in adolescent soccer. After analyzing a cohort of all high school soccer athletes in Michigan from 2016 to 2019, the study found that adolescent girls were 1.88 times more likely to encounter SRC, although boys were more likely to sustain SRC from player contact and girls were more likely to from equipment contact. It also found that boys had 1.54 greater chances of immediate removal from play, and that they returned to play two days sooner than girls. These findings imply that sex-specific intervention may be helping in targeting different concussion outcomes.

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