Associations Between Community Violence, Police Bias, Race, and Firearm Use Among Urban Adolescents

Contributed to by past PISC trainee Trina Kumodzi, PhD, this study examined whether the association between perceived community violence and firearm use was stronger when perceived police bias was greater, as well as whether race was a differentiating factor. It utilized screening data from another study of firearm behaviors among young adults seeking urban emergency department treatment, estimating associations with Poisson regressions. The study found that community violence was positively associated with firearm carriage, and increased with high perceptions of police bias. There was no significant differentiation by race, leading the investigators to conclude that, "community-level strategies to reduce violence and police bias may be beneficial to decrease youth firearm carriage in socio-economically disadvantaged urban settings."

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