Associations Between Parental Monitoring and Multiple Types of Youth Violence Victimization

Since their 2014 "Connecting the Dots" report, the CDC has encouraged researchers to identify shared protective factors that could prevent multiple forms of youth violence, a significant cause of adolescent mortality. This study identifies parental monitoring, where parents are aware of their child's activities and the child acknowledges this, as a potential factor. In order to investigate further, a team including past PISC trainee Alison Culyba, MD, PhD, MPH conducted a cross-sectional analysis of an anonymous survey of health risk and protective behaviors completed by students across Pittsburgh Public Schools. The study then used logistic regression to examine associations between youth-reported parental monitoring and multiple experiences of youth violence victimization, ranging from school- and electronic-based bullying to different forms of sexual and physical violence. It found that many experiences of youth violence victimization were consistent with nationally representative data, and that higher parental monitoring was significantly and inversely associated with all violence victimization outcomes examined. These results add to the growing literature on how parental monitoring may serve as a shared protective factor for multiple forms of violence victimization.

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