Comparison of Two Screeners Predicting Depression and PTSD in Black Men After Serious Injury

The Penn Richmond Screener and the Posttraumatic Adjustment Scale were designed to predict post-injury depression and PTSD. The two screeners were developed in separate countries using different methods. A recent study led by PISC Past Trainee Trina Kumodzi, PhD, RN, CCRN, and Executive Committee Member Therese Richmond, PhD, RN, FAAN, featuring PISC Past Trainee Laura Vargas, PhD, and Internal Advisory Board Member Patrick Reilly, MD, compares the predictive abilities of the two screeners in evaluating Black men from the United States.

The study includes 503 hospitalized Black men. Participants were evaluated during hospitalization and 3 months after hospitalization. After the second evaluation, 35.3% of participants had moderate to severe depression and 32.7% of participants had significant PTSD symptoms. The Penn Richmond Screener predicted these outcomes with a sensitivity of 0.68 for PTSD and a specificity of 0.63 for depression. Likewise, the Post Traumatic Adjustment Scale predicted these outcomes with a sensitivity of 0.59 for PTSD and a sensitivity of 0.75 for depression. These findings reveal that the two screeners have comparable predictive abilities. The similar performances indicate that “risk markers for adverse psychological consequences of traumatic injury share some core similarities across populations and countries.”

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