A recent study featuring PISC External Advisory Board Member Ricky Bluthenthal, PhD, evaluated the relationship between people who inject drugs (PWID) and injection-naïve individuals. In the summer of 2018, a study of 418 PWID in Cabell County, West Virginia, was conducted. Results indicated that less than 10% of participants were likely to initiate an injection-naïve individual into drug use. Additionally, PWID participating in syringe service programs were unlikely to initiate injection-naïve people. The study concludes that “preventing the transition of people who use drugs to injection drug use should be a public health priority.” In order to reduce the amount of PWID in the United States, public health experts should target the subpopulation of PWID who are likely to initiate injection-naïve people.