Socioeconomic Disparities in Hypertension by Levels of Green Space Availability


A recent study featuring PISC Senior Scholar and Past Trainee Michelle Kondo, PhD, explores the relationship between socioeconomic disparities in hypertension and green space availability. Data is drawn from the Public Health Management Corporation’s Southeastern Pennsylvania Household Health Survey in 2014. The study includes 3,887 participants, all of whom are residents of the Philadelphia area. Socioeconomic status is measured using individual education and neighborhood-level median household income. Logistic regression models adjusted for age, sex, and race are used to analyze results. Findings reveal that adults with higher education attainment and median neighborhood income have significantly reduced rates of hypertension. Additionally, percent tree canopy cover and education attainment have no direct correlation. Based on these results, the team concludes that “while socioeconomic disparities in hypertension are strong for adults residing in the Philadelphia area, green spaces did not seem to modify them.”


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